Stimulus packages have birthed a new wave of optimism particularly in developed countries. America’s shopping malls are filled with people splurging stimulus cheques whilst cinemas in Britain are packed once again. According to the Economist, a spending bonanza is just beginning given that capital spending amongst American companies is rising at an annual rate of 15%. American GDP growth is also expected to outpace that in the emerging world in 2021; with the pandemic still ravaging places like Brazil and India. Poor-country growth is expected to lag even further behind. The pandemic is also set to reshape the global economy in ways that make continued convergence towards rich-world incomes tougher. As some point, global economists once reckoned that incomes in poorer economies would naturally catch up to those in richer ones, based on experience in Europe in the 19th and early 20th centuries, when industrial laggards caught up with Britain. Given a trend of high growth in developed countries and the increased attraction of global equities, the big question is whether we should expect increased portfolio and foreign direct investment flows in frontier markets such as Zimbabwe.
Piggy notes that the economic recession that Zimbabwe experienced in 2019 following the passage of cyclone Idai and a severe drought culminated to poor performance in terms of foreign direct investment (FDI). According to the UNCTAD’s 2020 World Investment Report, FDI inflows decreased significantly to USD280 million in 2019, compared to pre-crisis period (USD745 million in 2018). This trend has also been prevalent on the capital markets in Zimbabwe. Foreign investor participation on the local bourse has waned as most portfolio investors have been divesting from Zimbabwean equities.
Foreign Investment in Zimbabwe, Net Inflows
Unsurprisingly, we are now witnessing a shift in terms of dominant participation on the equities market as local institutional and retail investors have seized the opportunity and are taking positions in local companies. Retail investors have also been part of the band-wagon after the introduction of online trading platforms such as C-Trade and ZSE Direct.
Retail Online Trading Platforms in Zimbabwe
A stabilisation in the exchange rate and slowdown in inflation figures also appears to have instilled a sense of confidence on the markets. This optimism has also been triggered by several possible outcomes in 2021 such as;
- An anticipated maize bumper harvest. The forecast record maize harvest of 2.8 million tonnes and significant output of other crops such as soyabean, cotton and traditional grains could save the country more than USD200 million in terms of imports. At 2.8 million tonnes, the envisaged grain output would be significantly more than domestic demand estimated at c2.0 million tonnes;
- An improved tobacco crop in 2021. According to the Tobacco Industry and Marketing Board, tobacco production is expected to reach 200 million kgs in 2021 versus 184 million kgs in 2020;
- Gold prices expected to remain firm. Gold prices are expected to remain firm throughout 2021. Citibank expects gold prices to average USD1,800 per ounce in 2021. In Zimbabwe, small-scale miners are major players in the gold sector. Firm gold prices imply improved disposable incomes and more money to invest for local households; and
- Liquidity support through the IMF possible USD650 billion SDR allocation could be a game changer for Zimbabwe
All in all, as the re-shuffling continues, one tip that investors should keep at the back of their minds is that foreign investors would always seek exposure in blue chips whenever they come back to a market. One long-term investment game would be to buy into Delta, Innscor, Simbisa Brands, Econet and Cassava in anticipation of the return of foreign investors on our market. Get started on your trading and investing journey by downloading the Investment 101 Handbook below;
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